Climate change the missing link in Vision 2030
Vision 2030 is the long-term development blueprint that aims to transform Kenya into a middle income country by 2030.
The Vision is being implemented through a series of successive five-year Medium Term Plans (MTPs) the first implemented from 2008-2012; the second ends this year from 2013.
The Vision is based on three pillars: economic, social and political. At the moment, technocrats together with the stakeholders are planning for the MTP III which will be implemented from 2018- 2022.
Looking back a lot that has been achieved. For instance, the total installed capacity for generation of electric power increased by 47 per cent from 1,690 MW in 2012 to over 2,500MW in 2017 of which 66 per cent is from renewable sources mainly hydropower and geothermal.
The total number of customers connected to electricity increased from 2,038,625 in 2012 to 5,890,373 as of March 2017 which has resulted to over 65 per cent national connectivity to electricity.
The road network increased to more than 160,000km with a total of 14,000km of paved roads.
In regards to the financial inclusion, there has been a significant increase with 75.3 per cent of Kenyans being formally included, up from 66.9% in 2013.
The education sector has also witnessed increased primary school enrollment from 9.86 million to 10.1 million, between 2013 and 2016.
It should, however, be noted that the Vision cannot be achieved fully unless climate change is well mainstreamed in MPT III. Kenya is a signatory to various treaties which require carbon emissions as well as pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The future developments should not only be anchored in environmental good practice but also in inclusivity as it is the aim of the Kenya’s roadmap for SDGs, “not to leave anybody behind”.
With the total budget projection for Kenya reaching $26 billion (Sh2.6 trillion) in the financial year 2017-2018, it is expected that lack of action on climate change will cost the country over 10 per cent of the budget.
It is crucial that both the government and the private sectors come up with ways on how to mainstream sustainable development in Africa through SDGs and climate change in their businesses as well as planning.
The fact that Africa has the least contribution to greenhouse gas emissions but the hardest hit by the impacts of climate change will mean that emphasis should be put on matters of climate change.
The recent drought in Kenya is estimated to have a economic effect equivalent to $60 million.
Some of the key sectors that need to be considered when it comes to the emission of greenhouse gases are energy, transport, infrastructure and communication, agriculture, manufacturing and industry, buildings and construction as these are some of the key emitters of the green houses gases.